Artists and architects from the Ancient period of the journey undertaken by mankind, most surely exemplifies a fascination with the existence and the coexistence of science and art or the coexistence of “good and the beautiful” within the creative enterprise of our ancient ancestors. Let us turn our gaze toward the magnificent City of Rome and the equally magnificent monument the Romans called The Pantheon. Charles Alphonse Dufresnoy, in his seminal The Art of Painting (1641-65), offers the following insight into the desired duality of combining the formal elements of “Good with the Beautiful” in the following passage: “Science perfects genius, and also moderates that fury of the fancy which cannot contain itself within the bounds of reason, but often carries a man into dangerous extremes. For there is a mean in all things, and certain limits or bounds wherein the Good and the Beautiful consist, and out of which they never can depart.”
What are your thoughts on the aesthetic challenge of combining a square to a circle, elements of the Sacred Geometry our ancient ancestors labored over for generations of time, in such significant architectural commission as the Roman Pantheon? Do you believe or see the existence of “bounds of reason” governing the aesthetic choices made by the artisans of the gifted class?
Roman Pantheon—Interior and Coffered Ceiling with Oculus